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Mechanics in TOME

Filed under: Languages — anlactunay @ 9:17 AM

Mechanics in TOME (Thesis, Organisation, Mechanics, Evidence)
1. (used with a sing. verb) The branch of physics that is concerned with the analysis of the action of forces on matter or material systems.
2. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) Design, construction, and use of machinery or mechanical structures.
3. (used with a pl. verb) The functional and technical aspects of an activity: The mechanics of football are learned with practice.
2 [plural] : the details about how something works or is done
? the mechanics of running ? He still has a lot to learn about the mechanics of running a business.

4 the mechanics [plural] the way something works or is done
-The exact mechanics of how payment will be made will be decided later.-

Basic Mechanics: Apostrophes & Comma Splices
The Apostrophe

Use the apostrophe whenever you substitute it’s for it is, doesn’t for does not, they’re for they are. (Note: Use it’s only to mean it is or it has. Use its without the apostrophe to mean belonging to it: its ears, its price, its name.)

Possessives are special forms of nouns (and pronouns) that show where something belongs.
Whose job is it? It is my brother’s job; it is Joan’s job; it is the janitor’s job.
Normally, we form the possessive by adding the apostrophe and an s to the plain form of a word.

When the plain form of a word already has an s at the and, we put the apostrophe after the final s. Add only the apostrophe after plurals ending with s:
“one girl’s birthday” but “several girls’ birthdays”
“one family’s home” but “both families’ homes”
Plurals like men, women, and people don’t have a final s and therefore form their possessive the normal way:
men’s shoes, women’s rights, many people’s complaints

 Comma Splices & Fused Sentences

A comma splice occurs when two independent clauses (word groups that can be punctuated as sentences) are joined with only a comma. For example:
Incorrect: Some of the inmates were young and strung out on drugs, others looked as if they might kill at any moment.
Correct: Some of the inmates were young and strung out on drugs. Others looked as if they might kill at any moment.
A fused sentence occurs when two independent clauses are joined with no punctuation or connecting word between them. For example:
Incorrect: Power tends to corrupt absolute power corrupts absolutely.
Correct: Power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely.
Ask yourself the following questions to find out if you have a comma splice:

Does the sentence contain two independent clauses?

YES = Keep reading.
NO = No problem.

Are the clauses joined with a comma and a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, so, or yet)?

YES = No problem.
NO = Keep reading.

Are the clauses joined with a semicolon?

YES = No problem.
NO = Revise. It’s a comma splice or a fused sentence.

Comma splices and apostrophe usage are only two mechanical concerns. Edit your papers with other mechanics in mind!

Hacker, Diana. A Writer’s Reference. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1989


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