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01/12/2013

spirit

Filed under: Logic,Terminology — anlactunay @ 6:34 AM

spirit
n.
1.
a. A force or principle believed to animate living beings.
b. A force or principle believed to animate humans and often to endure after departing from the body of a person at death; the soul.
2. Spirit The Holy Spirit.
3. A supernatural being, as:
a. An angel or demon.
b. A being inhabiting or embodying a particular place, object, or natural phenomenon.
c. A fairy or sprite.
4.
a. The part of a human associated with the mind, will, and feelings: Though unable to join us today, they are with us in spirit.
b. The essential nature of a person or group.
5. A person as characterized by a stated quality: He is a proud spirit.
6.
a. An inclination or tendency of a specified kind: Her actions show a generous spirit.
b. A pervasive or essential attitude, quality, or principle: the spirit of 1776.
7.
a. An attitude marked by enthusiasm, energy, or courage: sang with spirit; troops that fought with spirit.
b. spirits A mood or emotional state: The guests were in high spirits. His sour spirits put a damper on the gathering.
c. Strong loyalty or dedication: team spirit.
8. The actual though unstated sense or significance of something: the spirit of the law.
9. often spirits (used with a sing. verb) An alcohol solution of an essential or volatile substance.
10. spirits An alcoholic beverage, especially distilled liquor.
tr.v. spir·it·ed, spir·it·ing, spir·its
1. To carry off mysteriously or secretly: The documents had been spirited away.
2. To impart courage, animation, or determination to; inspirit.
http://ahdictionary.com/word/search.html?q=spirit
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plural spir·its
1 a : the force within a person that is believed to give the body life, energy, and power [count] ? the spirits of my ancestors ? Some religions believe that the same spirit is reincarnated many times in different bodies. [noncount] ? Yoga is very healthy for both body and spirit. ? I’m sorry I can’t make it to your wedding, but I’ll be there in spirit. [=I will be thinking about you]
b [count] : the inner quality or nature of a person
? He still has a curious and youthful spirit. [=he is still a curious and youthful person] ? We will all miss her generous spirit.
2 [count] : a person
? My father was a proud spirit. ? They are kindred spirits. [=people with similar interests or concerns] — see also free spirit
3 a [count] : ghost
? evil spirits
b the Spirit : holy spirit
4 a : a desire or determination to do something [count] ? His many disappointments never broke his spirit. [=never took away his desire to succeed] ? He has a strong fighting spirit. [noncount] ? She’s a good athlete with a lot of skill and spirit.
b [noncount] : enthusiastic loyalty
? The students showed their school spirit by having a rally to support the football team.
5 [singular] a : the attitude or feeling that a person has about a particular job, activity, etc.
? He didn’t approach the work in/with the right spirit.
b : a shared attitude or feeling that relates to a particular time, place, activity, etc. — often + of ? the spirit of the times ? a new spirit of cooperation ? the spirit of competition ? We all got/entered into the spirit of the holidays. ? You’d have more fun if you’d just relax and get into the spirit of things.
6 spirits [plural] : feelings of happiness or unhappiness
? Spirits were low [=people were unhappy] after our team lost again. ? We need to do something to lift your spirits. [=to make you feel better/happier] ? It’s hard work, but try to keep your spirits up. [=keep a happy and positive attitude] ? We were all in high spirits [=happy, cheerful] after the game. ? She was in low spirits. [=she was unhappy] ? He’s still in the hospital, but he’s in good spirits. [=happy and positive] — see also high-spirited, low-spirited
7 [noncount] : the real meaning or intention of something (such as a law)
? They seem to be more concerned with obeying the letter of the law than with understanding the spirit of the law. [=what was intended by the law when it was written]
8 spirits [plural] : strong alcoholic drinks : liquor
? The store sells wines and spirits.
http://www.learnersdictionary.com/definition/spirit
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