My Study Stuff

03/01/2012

words and meanings

Filed under: Extra — anlactunay @ 7:18 AM

words and meanings

synonym = a word with the same or nearly the same meaning as another word in the same language:
`”Sad”  and “unhappy” are synonyms.
SYNONYMOUS [B (with)] having the same or nearly the same meaning (as):
`Being a soldier is synonymous with being a brave man, in his opinion.
SYNONYMY [U) the condition of words being synonymous.

antonym = a word opposite in meaning to another word:
`”Pain” is the antonym of “pleasure”
ANTONYMOUS adj [B] having an opposite or nearly opposite meaning:
`The words “pain” and “pleasure” are antonymous.
ANTONYMY noun [U] the condition of words being antonymous.

homonym = a word which has both the same sound and spelling as another, though different in meaning:
`’Bear’ meaning the animal and ‘bear’ meaning to carry are homonyms.
HOMONYMOUS adj [B] having the nature of homonyms.
HOMONYMY noun [U] the condition of being homonymous.

homophone = a homonym in sound only:
`For some speakers of English in England the words ‘sure’ and ‘shore’ are homophones.
HOMOPHONOUS adj [B] having the nature of a homophone.

homograph = a homonym in writing only:
`Wind’ is a homograph with two pronunciations and meanings, one a noun and the other a verb.
HOMOGRAPHOUS adj [B] having the nature of a homograph.

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