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03/01/2012

Repeat Key Nouns

Filed under: Extra — anlactunay @ 8:06 AM

Repeat Key Nouns
The easiest way to achieve coherence is to repeat key nouns frequently in your paragraph.
Read the model paragraph about gold to see how it uses this technique to smooth the flow of sentences. The key noun in this paragraph is GOLD. Circle the word gold and all pronouns that refer to it.

   GOLD
   GOLD, A PRECIOUS METAL, IS PRIZED FOR TWO IMPORTANT CHARACTERISTICS.
   First of all, gold has a lustrous beauty that is resistant to corrosion. Therefore, it is suitable for jewelry, coins, and ornamental purposes. Gold never needs to be polished and will remain beautiful forever. For example, a Macedonian coin remains as untarnished today as the day it was made 25 centuries ago. Another important characteristic of gold is its usefulness to industry and science. For many years, it has been used in hundreds of industrial applications, such as photography and dentistry. The most recent use of gold is in astronauts’ suits. Astronauts wear gold-plated heat shields for protection when they go outside spaceships in space.
   IN CONCLUSION, GOLD IS TREASURED NO ONLY FOR ITS BEAUTY BUT ALSO FOR ITS UTILITY.

There is no fixed rule about how often to repeat key nouns or when to substitute pronouns. You should repeat a key noun instead of using a pronoun when the meaning is not clear.

If you do not wish to repeat a key noun again and again, you can use synonyms or expressions with the same meaning. For example, in sentence 8 of the first paragraph about gold, the writer substituted the noun USE as a synonym for APPLICATION in sentence 7, thereby smoothing the flow of thought from one sentence to the next.

When you use pronouns, make sure that you use the same person and number throughout your paragraph. Don’t change from YOU to HE or SHE (change of person) or from HE to THEY (change of number) — . changes must be made for consistency.

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