My Study Stuff



Filed under: Extra — anlactunay @ 7:24 AM

   1. Don’t imagine that you should be able to produce fluent and successful writing at your first attempt. Even professional writers don’t work like that. You should think of writing as a process in which the first stages are sketches or rough drafts. These will help you to produce something more polished and fluent at a later stage.

   2. The advantages of working in this way are enormous. You can disregard the fine details and concentrate on generating your ideas. The writing does not need to be grammatically correct. You can come back later to make corrections.

   3. In a first draft, there is no need to worry too much about the structure of what you produce. If new ideas come to mind, you can write them down. Anything can be changed later.

   4. This writing strategy assumes that you are prepared to do this extra work. You should try to avoid thinking of the first draft as the finished product, no matter how much effort you have put into it. Regard it instead as the raw material from which a more considered and well-crafted second draft will be produced. You should be prepared for extensive re-writing.

   5. The word-processor is an ideal writing tool for working with drafts. You can choose to keep polishing and refining the same basic document, saving it to incorporate each set of changes. Alternatively, you can create and save separate drafts. These may then be compared and mixed until you have produced something to your satisfaction.

   6. The advantages of using a word-processor for writing essays are overwhelming. They offer editing and re-writing tools, spelling-checkers and grammar-checkers, plus many features for controlling layout and presentation.

   7. You may start out with only a sketchy outline, but to this you can add extra examples, delete mistakes, and move paragraphs around to improve the structure of your writing. You are able to build up to the finished product in as many stages as you wish.

   8. At first you might continue to produce your first draft in handwritten form, then transfer it into your computer at the keyboard. You can then edit what you have written, either on screen or by printing out what you have produced. This is quite common for beginners.

   9. You will probably feel a strong desire to see everything printed out as soon as possible. Later however, with experience, you might edit on screen, only printing out the finished version. Most recent word-processors allow you to see on screen what the finished document will look like.

   10. Follow the guidelines given here for good page layout. The visual presentation of your finished work is an important part of the impression it will make.

   11. If your word-processor has a spell-checking facility, then use it before you print out your document. But remember that it is unlikely to recognise specialist terms and unusual names such as ‘Schumacher’, ‘Derrida’, or ‘Nabokov’. These will not be in the processor’s memory. You will have to check the correct spelling of these yourself, as you will any other unusual words.

   12. Remember too that a spell-checker will not make any distinction between ‘They washed their own clothes’ and ‘They washed there own clothes’, because the word ‘there’ is spelt correctly even though it is being used ungrammatically in this sentence. Use your grammar-checker [if you have one] to locate such problems.

   13. If your word-processor automatically hyphenates words at the end of a line, take care to read through the work and eliminate any howlers such as ‘the-rapist’ and ‘thin-king’.

   14. In laying out your pages, you should avoid creating paragraphs which start on the last line of a    page or which finish on the first of the next. (These are called, in the jargon of the printing trade, ‘Widows and Orphans’). The solution to this problem is to control the number of lines on a page so as to push the text forward. An extra space at the bottom of a page is more acceptable than just one or two lines of text at the top of the next.


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