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Filed under: Business — anlactunay @ 2:46 PM

Definitions (2)
1. Something valuable that an entity owns, benefits from, or has use of, in generating income.
2. Accounting: Something that an entity has acquired or purchased, and that has money value (its cost, book value, market value, or residual value). An asset can be (1) something physical, such as cash, machinery, inventory, land and building, (2) an enforceable claim against others, such as accounts receivable, (3) right, such as copyright, patent, trademark, or (4) an assumption, such as goodwill.
Assets shown on their owner’s balance sheet are usually classified according to the ease with which they can be converted into cash. See also intangible assets and tangible assets.

tangible asset   Definition= Cash, equipment, machinery, plant, property anything that has long-term physical existence or is acquired for use in the operations of the business and not for sale to customers. In the balance sheet of the business, such assets are listed under the heading ‘Plant and equipment’ or ‘Plant, property, and equipment.’ Tangible assets, unlike intangible assets, can be destroyed by fire, hurricane, or other disasters or accidents. However, they can be used as collateral to raise loans, and can be more readily sold to raise cash in emergencies.

intangible asset   Definition= Reputation, name recognition, and intellectual property such as knowledge and know how. Intangible assets are the long-term resources of an entity, but have no physical existence. They derive their value from intellectual or legal rights, and from the value they add to the other assets. Intangible assets are generally classified into two broad categories: (1) Limited-life intangible assets, such as patents, copyrights, and goodwill, and (2) Unlimited-life intangible assets, such as trademarks. In contrast to tangible assets, intangible assets cannot be destroyed by fire, hurricane, or other accidents or disasters and can help build back destroyed tangible assets. However, they normally cannot be used as collateral to raise loans, and some intangible assets (goodwill, for example) can be destroyed by carelessness, or as a side effect of the failure of a business. Whereas tangible assets add to an entity’s current market value, intangible assets add to its future worth. An approximation of the monetary value of a firm’s intangible-assets is computed by deducting the net value of its tangible assets from its market value. In some cases (such as the Coca Cola trademark), the value of a firm’s intangible assets far outweighs the value of its tangible assets.


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